Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean; North Cyprus is the Turkish controlled part of the island of Cyprus. In 1960, Cyprus has been divided into two separate states. Since 1974 the North is called the TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus) North Cyprus welcomes thousands of tourists each year by air and sea. There are plenty of beautiful sandy beaches and famous, most beautiful wild flowers grow in here. There is lots of history to see everywhere, in Northern Cyprus.
North Cyprus Climate
The climate of Northern Cyprus is basically described as typically Mediterranean type with very hot and dry summers from April to October. And cool warm rainy winters from November to March.
Population of North Cyprus
The population of North Cyprus is approximately 286 257 according to census in 2013.
Population Distribution in North Cyprus Cities
- Lefkoşa (Nicosia): 62 000
- Gazimağusa (Famagusta) population 54 000
- Girne (Kyrenia) population 38 000
- Güzelyurt population 27 000
- İskele: 19 000
Area of North Cyprus
3 355 kilometer square.
Cultural Activities in North Cyprus
You can experience Cypriot Turkish culture with the food, lifestyle, music, language and handcrafts of local people. There are many festivals in Northern Cyprus, organized by almost every municipality.
The food culture is very much apparent in North Cyprus. Fruit and vegetables are grown locally. Turkish food served with a large collection of mezes, dishes starting with various dips and salads and ending with grilled meat or fish in a typical Turkish Cypriot restaurant. You can explore a variety of tastes such as home desserts and jams; can be found at every home to be offered to guests. Handicrafts are also a well-developed sector in North Cyprus. You can discover beautiful Lefkara embroidery which is an old Cypriot tradition. North Cyprus is almost synonymous with homemade olive oil.
Other cultural activities are:
- Libraries and publications
- Fine arts
- Folk art
- TV, radio and cinemas
Coastline of North Cyprus
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean. It stands at the crossroads of three continents and lies 65 km from Turkey’s southern coast. Other neighboring countries are Syria (97 km), Lebanon (108 km), Egypt (370 km), North Cyprus coastline is swarming with rocky coast and golden beaches. The beaches of Northern Cyprus are the most natural and cleanest, in the Mediterranean. The average water temperature is 24 C between May and October
Currency of North Cyprus
The Turkish Lira is the local currency used in North Cyprus although GBP, Dollars and Euros are also widely accepted. Euro checks, Travellers checks and other major currencies may be used or exchanged in currency exchange bureaus.
Language of North Cyprus
Turkish is the official language of Northern Cyprus but English is widely understood and known by large parts of the population.
History of North Cyprus
Cyprus, the third largest island in the Mediterranean, has had a very eventful history since 8500 B.C, the island have been repeatedly invaded throughout its turbulent history. In Cyprus history, the island was colonized and ruled by Phoenicians, Achaeans, Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, and Greeks in different periods until finally after much internal strife the island was granted its independence in 1960.
Borders of North Cyprus
Since 2003 it is possible to pass through the Turkish and Greek borders. If you are a tourist visiting North Cyprus, You must have a valid passport (and visa, if you need one for South Cyprus) at the Turkish Cypriot passport control.
Traffic in North Cyprus
Traffic is on the left and the rules are pretty much the same as the UK in the island. Traffic and road signs are International. Maximum speed is 100 kilometer / hour. Vehicles entering Northern Cyprus must be insured upon arrival. Seat belts must be worn.
Transportation in North Cyprus
There are frequent, inexpensive mini bus services between all the main towns during the day in North Cyprus. There are many places to explore in North Cyprus And many people choose to hire a car from the car hire companies during their visit. There are also several tourism companies that offer transportation services from / to airports and throughout on the island.
Public Holidays of North Cyprus
- 1 January – New Year’s Day
- 23 April – Children’s Festival
- 1 May – Youth and Sports Day
- 20 July – Peace and Freedom Day
- 1 August – TMT Day30 August – Victory Day
- 29 October – Turkish Republic Day
- 15 November – Proclamation of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus